The tulip is without a doubt the most famous bulb. Tulips are cultivated on a very large scale, particularly in the Netherlands where the history goes back to the late 16th century. The tulip grew and flowered first in Leiden. The majority of the cultivated forms of the tulip are derived from Tulipa gesneriana. The introduction of the tulip in the 16th century, marked the start of the European tulip cultivation and the tulip mania.